Remittance flows have become an increasingly important element of global capital flows. As labour markets have become more globalised, workers move from developing countries in order to obtain higher salaries in the developed world. Often these workers continue to support family members in their country of origin and regularly send a portion of their salary to them. In countries such as Mexico and India, governments have worked with the banking industry to lower transaction costs and make the process more efficient. As labour markets in developed countries tighten, so the upward trend should resume. One danger is that the size of these flows is now drawing political attention in some developed countries and could become a discussion target for trade negotiations if imbalances become too high. That said, we don’t believe we are quite at that stage yet.
Colm McDonagh – Insight, a BNY Mellon company