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63% of the world’s skyscrapers are in Asia.1

Truth or tall story?

By 2036 emerging markets will order more than half of all new aircraft.2

Flight of fancy? Or hard fact?

The percentage over 65s in emerging markets will double by 2050.3

Lie? Damn lie? Statistic?

A third of global unicorns are found in India and China.4

Myth or reality?

80% of the world’s middle class will live in emerging markets by 2030.5

Blatant lie? Or home truth?

China has 40% of the world’s artificial intelligence engineers.6

Science fiction? Or fact?

Agents of Change: Investing in tomorrow's world

From smartphones to artificial intelligence, ‘next generation’ cities to electric vehicles we live in an age where the almost magical science fiction tropes of yesteryear have become today’s science fact. Meanwhile, deep social and demographic change continues to both buffet and boost markets. Now, more than ever, we need to grapple with these trends to understand their power to reshape lives. Here, experts from across BNY Mellon look to the future and give their views on how the coming Agents of Change could affect markets and the investment landscape in the years to come.

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How much do you know about our Agents of Change? Click on the tiles below to learn how our future could be transformed.

What country is expected to be the top beneficiary of AI?

China with 26% boost to GDP by 2030. North America comes second with 14.5%.7


What is the expected portion of global middle class living in Asia by 2030 ?

By 2030, two third of the global middle class will be living in Asia.8


What is the expected growth (in %) in the number of diabetics in India by 2040?

+78%. The number of diabetics in India is expected to grow from 69 million in 2015 to 123 million by 2040.9


What is the annual cost of congestion in the U.S.?

USD 160 billion – this includes 7 billion hours of time lost to sitting in traffic and an extra 3 billion gallons of fuel burned.10


What are the top 3 countries by average time spent on apps?

1: Indonesia (240 min); 2: Brasil (190 min); 3: Mexico (190 min)11


What could be the impact of a full-blown global trade war on global GDP?

According to Bank of England, a full-blown global trade war could end up hitting global GDP by 2.5 % over 3 years.12


What % of treated water is lost due to lack of infrastructure renewal in the US?

The US loses about 2.1 trillion gallons, or approximately 16% of treated water, from leaky pipes annually.13

Latest trends
Latest resources

In a world in flux it pays to be well informed.
Articles, infographics or podcasts: Access additional content to learn more about the Agents of Change.

Making the case: investing in mobility
George Saffaye
Developments taking place today have the potential to transform the investment landscape for decades to come.
Charge of the EV brigade
Naomi Waistell
Revolutionary progress in the electric vehicle (EV) market is driving a surge in demand for advanced car batteries and related commodities
MarketEye: Which emerging market's fund industry grew 50% in a year?
Sophia Whitbread
Around 60,000 mutual fund accounts are being opened every day in India, and Indian mutual funds have almost doubled their assets under management (AUM) in just over three years.
MarketEye: How baby boomers are changing our cities
Jim Lydotes
As the baby boomer generation ages, increasingly the idyllic countryside retirement is being replaced by city-based retirement.
MarketEye: Standish
Federico Garcia Zamora
We expect the main external drivers lead to a reversal of recent trends and bolster EM assets such as local currency debt.
MarketEye: Can currency protect against market shocks?
Colm McDonagh
One major change in recent years is how policy makers in many emerging markets have become comfortable with using currency as a buffer to insulate their economies from negative shocks.
MarketEye: China's tourists flex their muscles
Nick Moss
The Chinese consumer is starting to flex its muscles to spend more of its growing disposable income on travel.
'Appy in Emerging Markets
Colm McDonagh
The propagation of smartphones through emerging markets has allowed industries to bypass traditional western infrastructure developments.

1 www.rt.com – “Race to the clouds: Asia home to two-thirds of world’s skyscrapers” – 2 May 2018
2 Boeing – Current market outlook 2017-2036
3 UN World Population Prospects 2017
4 Techcrunch as at 25th September 2017
5 Roland Berger, McKinsey as at January 2013.
6 Techcrunch as at 25th September 2017
7 What’s the real value of AI for your business and how can you capitalise?

8 www.hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/pr6-rbapregional-eastasia-2013hdr-eng.pdf
9 BMI and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF)
10 MIT – How ride-sharing can improve traffic, save money, and help the environment, 4 January 2017
11 Business Insider – January 2018
12 The independent : “What will the impact of ‘the largest trade war in economic history’ be?” – 6 July 2018
13 As Infrastructure Crumbles, Trillions of Gallons of Water Lost, NPR, October 29, 2014